“उमाकुण्ड स्वास्थ्य प्रवर्धन परियोजना–रामेछाप”
Umakunda Health Promotion Project- Ramechhap
Women and children’s health are mostly neglected in Nepal. Their right to access proper information and services are mostly dominated. Women and adolescent girls face disparities in health and social care across Nepal, especially in rural parts Nepal. Child care is also poor due to improper knowledge, skills and access. Umakunda Health Promotion (UHP) is expected to address these problems in collaboration with schools, FCHVs, local health facilities and rural municipalities.
Health problems among the mothers and children remain a major issue of Nepal. The disparity in health indicators between the urban and rural areas is very high. Women face challenges in receiving proper care during pregnancy, delivery and post-partum period. They still problems in accessing family planning services of their choice in the remote part of Nepal. This is exacerbated by the fact that women are disempowered in these communities. Likewise, children face a lot problems from their birth related to essential newborn care, breast feeding, child care, oral hygiene (dental care) and proper nutrition.
Household level decision-making process is complex in Nepal and women cannot decide themselves to go to health facility. Menstruation is a social stigma in Nepal and face a lot of challenges and disparities in accessing health care, education and dignified life. In addition, women in rural parts face transportation barriers in order to receive prompt care from the health facilities. They are unable to receive prompt care even after reaching to health facility due to lack of health workers or instruments. As a result, children, adolescent girls and women are facing problems in their life time. Particularly the people from marginalized and vulnerable group face more problems. Therefore, attention requires to pay towards quality health services, but also to demand and access to services.
GTN’s unique Health Promotion (HP) approach addresses demand for services by increasing knowledge of SRHRs as a human right amongst the most marginalized women. This empowers them within the social system to demand these rights. GTN’s intervention, therefore, target both supply side and demand creation. Health Promotion (HP) approach is not well established in Ramechhap. Outreach clinics or home visits are lacking. Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) to provide outreach and education in each area with no mentoring. This leads to the failure in local health governmental systems.
Health promotion plays a vital role in transforming the health to individuals, society and the healthcare system by promoting mobilizing change, including preventative health care. The following key issues justifies the need of this project.
Basically, this project aims to address the following issues.
· Increased individual awareness and agency leading to changes in social norms
· Train and mobilise local resources
· Women group and FCHV mobilisation for RH and gender roles
· Engage schoolchildren/child club members for promoting oral and menstrual hygiene
· Changes in social norms
· Empower women leadership in local rural municipalities
Health promotion approach will be a key strategy targeting both at the community and schools in the catchment area. We will follow Individual, Family and Community (IFC) model while implementing the intervention. We also will coordinate with the governmental health facilities, schools and local political leaders.
This project covers all seven wards of Umakunda Rural Municipality. This focuses to 18254 people, eight health facilities, 46 schools, 69 FCHVs. Women of reproductive age, children and adolescent girls are primary beneficiaries.
This project aims to achieve the following four results:
1. Result one: Identification of health needs
Synthesized local evidence/ identifying general health needs of individuals, families and communities through stakeholder meetings, focus group discussions and project area excursions.
2. Result two: Increased level of Awareness
Improved awareness and promoting basic health care, particularly,
i) Oral hygiene and dental care,
ii) Menstruation hygiene,
iii) Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (ASRH) and
iv) Safe motherhood (Antenatal, intra-partum and post-partum care) including family planning.
3. Result three: Enhanced mobilisation and capacity of local resources
Mobilising local resources - FCHVs, HFOMC, HPs
4. Result four: Improved coordination and partnership of local health facilities, schools and government offices.
Improved coordination among various institutions and stakeholders for better health care and facilities.
5. Fighting with Covid-19 and promoting Social-distancing, Use of Masks and use of Sanitiser (SMS) and hygiene:
Supporting health facilities, schools and FCHVs to fight with Covid-19
Officially, this project is effective from 1st January 2020 and valid until 31st December 2020. Due to crisis of Covid-19, field level activities is started from April 2020. Due to lockdown community targeted activities were planned only from July 2020.
Green Tara Nepal, a non-governmental, apolitical and non-profit making non-governmental organization, established in 2007. It works in research, publications, advocacy, training and social mobilization in a holistic community development approach.
Mr. Deepak Dhungel, Chairperson
Mr. Ram Chandra Silwal, Country Director
Green Tara Nepal (GTN)
Kathmandu Metropolish-4, Lamtangin Marg, Baluwatar, Kathmandu